March is Brain Injury Awareness Month

Each year in the United States, more than 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury – that’s one every 18 seconds.

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused when an external physical force (i.e., bump, blow, jolt to the head or penetrating head injury) causes damage to the brain.  A TBI can range from mild to severe, and can affect:

• Thinking and problem solving
• Body movement and speech
• Control of behavior, emotions, and reactions

National TBI Estimates

Of the estimated 1.7 million Americans who sustain a TBI annually:

• 52,000 die
• 275,000 are hospitalized
• 1.365 million (nearly 80%) are treated in an emergency department and released

TBI by Age

Children aged 0 to 4 years, adolescents aged 15 to 19 years, and adults aged 65 years and older are most likely to sustain a TBI.

TBI by Gender

In every age group, TBI rates are higher for males than for females.

What Are the Leading Causes of TBI?

Falls – 35.2%
Motor Vehicle/Traffic Crashes – 17.3%
Struck By/Against Events – 16.5%
Assault – 10%

Traumatic brain injury can be devastating, changing entire lives in a matter of seconds. In an upcoming blog, we’ll share ways you can prevent brain injury.

Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Brain Injury Association of Arizona

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